climat japon wiki

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The land area expanded northward during the Miocene.[73]. The capital Tokyo and the largest metropolitan population is located there. Japan has a population of 126 million in 2019. However this can be very costly, so for a private residential block of land, a Swedish weight sounding test is more common. [24] The majority of land reclamation projects occurred after World War II during the Japanese economic miracle. The population is clustered in urban areas on the coast, plains and valleys. It is more than 11 times the land area of the country. Kunashiri and the Habomai Islands are visible from the northeastern coast of Hokkaido. Between July and October, typhoons, grown from tropical depressions generated near the equator, can attack Japan with furious rainstorms. L'altitude maximale est de 3 776 mètres. Le climat est favorable sur 3% du territoire. In northwest Japan are thick quaternary deposits. The land bridge disappeared when the sea levels rose in the Jōmon period around 10,000 BCE.[22]. The climate in Sapporo is cold and temperate. There are three VEI-7 volcanoes in Japan. The climate of the Ogasawara Island chain ranges from a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification, The climate of the Ryukyu Islands ranges from humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification, The Aira Caldera is 17 kilometers long and 23 km wide located in south Kyushu. Il fait mention de la présence du sanctuaire Ikuta-jinja. Toxic substances were discovered in the soil and groundwater at Toyosu. [8] The 5 main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku and Okinawa. Article wiki sous licence Creative Commons - Modifié le 17 mars 2011 Créé et mis à jour par di dji Chercher dans Visoterra. [citation needed] Land was reclaimed from the sea and from river deltas by building dikes and drainage and rice paddies on terraces carved into mountainsides. Hokkaido is near Sakhalin, which was occupied by Japan from 1905 to 1945. Le climat de San Francisco est très comparable à celui que l'on trouve sur la côte atlantique du Maroc ou encore au centre du Chili [34]. Kikai Caldera was the source of the, All Geography of Japan information taken from the, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 04:04. There is a 1% chance of a giant caldera eruption in the Japanese archipelago within the next 100 years. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government spent an additional 3.8 billion yen ($33.5 million) to pump out groundwater by digging hundreds of wells. Article wiki sous licence Creative Commons - Modifié le 06 juillet 2011 Créé et mis à jour par di dji, Natalie Chercher dans Visoterra. [73] The Sea of Japan expanded during the Miocene. Les milieux écologiques sont donc très diversifiés.. La forêt couvre les deux tiers de … La montagne est partout présente au Japon. Il y a en moyenne 9.2 heures de soleil par jour. The biggest of these islands, Honshu, has the most people.. Honshu is the 7th largest island in the wo The second largest plain is the Nōbi Plain 1,800 km2 (690 sq mi) with the third-most-populous urban area Nagoya. )", Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, "Origins of the Japanese Islands: The New "Big Picture, "REVEL: A model for Recent plate velocities from space geodesy", "Population Estimates Monthly Report June 2019", "土地総合情報ライブラリー 平成16年土地の動向に関する年次報告 第2章 土地に関する動向", "Japan – Places in the News | Library of Congress", "Trend toward stronger agriculture seen in Hokkaido", "Phylogeny and historical demography of endemic fishes in Lake Biwa: The ancient lake as a promoter of evolution and diversification of freshwater fishes in western Japan", "As Tokyo's historic Tsukiji market closes, fishmongers mourn", "Koike announces Tsukiji relocation, plans to retain its 'cultural legacy, "Tsukiji market relocation to Toyosu delayed till autumn 2018", "Tokyo fears losing a part of its soul as world's biggest fish market moves",,,, "Acoplamiento sismogénico en la zona de subducción de Michoacán-Colima-Jalisco,México", "Yurie SAWAHATA, Makoto Okada, Jun Hosoi, Kazuo Amano, "Paleomagnetic study of Neogene sediments in strike-slip basins along the Tanakura Fault", Deep current structure above the Izu-Ogasawara Trench, "Crustal structure of the ocean-island arc transition at the mid Izu-Ogasawara(Bonin) arc margin", "Geology of Japan|Geological Survey of Japan, AIST|産総研地質調査総合センター / Geological Survey of Japan, AIST", "Geologic Province and Thermo-Tectonic Age Maps", "The Sakura-Jima Eruption of January, 1914", "Sakurajima, Japan's Most Active Volcano", "Lava flow connects new islet with Nishinoshima island", "Quake Moves Japan Closer to U.S. and Alters Earth's Spin", Japan seabed shifted 24 metres after March quake |, "Japanese Basic Position on the Naming of the "Japan Sea, Agency rejects South Korea's request to rename Sea of Japan, "Can nuclear power save Japan from peak oil? Without the Japanese archipelago it would just be the Pacific Ocean. Plus de 8 600 îles sont disposées sur près de 3 000 kilomètres du Nord au Sud. [50] The sense of motion is consistent with the direction of the Nankai Trough's oblique convergence. Japan also has special search and rescue units to save people in distress.[154]. The average farm size in Hokkaido is 26 hectares per farmer in 2013. [75] The International Hydrographic Organization, the international governing body for the naming bodies of water around the world, in 2012 recognized the term "Sea of Japan" as the only title for the sea.[76]. Ses saisons sont donc inversées par rapport à l’Europe. The most destructive was Isewan Typhoon with 5,000 casualties in the Tokai region in September 1959. & Kato M. (2011). [9] The Ryukyu Islands and Nanpō Islands are south and east of the main islands. The total area is 789.88 square kilometres (304.97 square miles). It has a population of 1,445,812 (2017) and a density of 622 km2 (240 sq mi). ", "Japan aims for 24% renewable energy but keeps nuclear central", "Table 2.10 Population of Three Major Metropolitan Areas", Japan Statistics Bureau – Keihin'yō Major Metropolitan Area, "Discover the Geography of the 4 Main Islands of Japan", Satellite images of stable night time lights in Japan, "City of the future sinks into the ocean", "M 9.1 – near the east coast of Honshu, Japan", "Devastation as Tsunami Crashes Into Japan", "巨大カルデラ噴火のメカニズムとリスクを発表 (Announce the mechanism and risk of a huge caldera eruption)", "Giant lava dome confirmed in Japan's Kikai Caldera", "NASA is trying to figure out how to contain a supervolcano that could destroy humanity", Annual Report on the Environment in Japan 2006, "Colton's Japan: Nippon, Kiusiu, Sikok, Yesso and the Japanese Kuriles",, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the United States Geological Survey, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, varied; tropical in the south to cool continental in the north, and mountainous areas being. Surveys by KOBEC (Kobe Ocean-Bottom Exploration Center) confirm that a giant lava dome of 23 cubic kilometers formed after the Kikai Caldera erupted in 4,300 BC. "Kyūshū" in, Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. [68] A 400-kilometre (250 mi) stretch of coastline dropped vertically by 0.6 metres (2 ft 0 in), allowing the tsunami to travel farther and faster onto land. Thus it has not naturally filled with sediment. The territory covers 377,975.24 km2 (145,937.06 sq mi). Ce dernier, qui existe encore aujourd’hui, aurait été fondé en l’an 210 par l'impératrice Jing ū. Two prefectures—Hokkaido and Okinawa—are composed entirely of islands. [24] These air flows are full of moisture and deposit substantial amounts of rain when they reach land. Located at the head of Tokyo Bay, the prefecture forms part of the Kantō region on the central Pacific coast of Japan's main island of Honshu. As of 2011[update], 46.1% of energy in Japan was produced from petroleum, 21.3% from coal, 21.4% from natural gas, 4.0% from nuclear power and 3.3% from hydropower. volcanic eruptions, tsunami, earthquakes and typhoons, air pollution; acidification of lakes and reservoirs; overfishing; deforestation, Source 2: The Ryukyu Islands, which include Okinawa, are a chain to the south of Kyushu. The Japanese can close their civilization with an isolationist foreign policy. [61] It is the most active volcano in Japan. It is almost 1,200 km (750 mi) long from Ibaraki Prefecture in the northeast to Fukuoka Prefecture in the southwest. [24] The result is a flow of cold air southeastward across Japan that brings freezing temperatures and heavy snowfalls to the central mountain ranges facing the Sea of Japan, but clear skies to areas fronting on the Pacific.[24]. Climat. Chaque carnet peut contenir des récits de voyage, albums photo, avis, cartes avec itinéraires et carnets de route. The Nanpō Islands are south and east of the main islands of Japan. [110] This makes it slightly larger than the island of Great Britain 209,331 km2 (80,823 sq mi).[110]. L’année Stratégique 2008, Analyse des enjeux internationaux, Net Index by Ookla - Household Download Index for Japan. Le gel est quasi inexistant et la neige reste un phénomène peu fréquent. [9] All of these points are accessible to the public. The Japanese archipelago grows gradually because of perpetual tectonic plate movements, earthquakes, stratovolcanoes and land reclamation in the Ring of Fire. [24], Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunami, occur several times each century. [33], Approximately 0.5% of Japan's total area is reclaimed land (umetatechi). The Mongols tried to invade Japan twice and failed in 1274 and 1281. Tempêtes et cyclones peuvent survenir entre juin et juillet. Il est composé de 4 îles principales qui représentent 95 % du territoire, et d'environ 3 000 autres petites îles. Hokkaido (北海道) is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture. Le climat du Japon n’est pas simple à décrire : cet archipel tout en longueur et couvert de montagnes ne possède pas les mêmes... où partir en février : choix du pays au soleil - That's almost 6 times farther away than from England to France across the English Channel. Cette planète se trouve dans la zone régie par le Kaiô du Nord, Kaiô Shin du Nord, ainsi que le Dieu de la Destruction, Beerus. It forms a Minami Kantō gas field in the area spanning Saitama, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Ibaraki, and Chiba prefectures. The Exclusive Economic Zone of Japan covers 4,470,000 km2 (1,730,000 sq mi) and is the 8th largest in the world. Approximately 15,000 km (9,300 mi) of oceanic floor has passed under the Japanese archipelago in the last 450 million years, with most being fully subducted. Unzen erupted in 1792 and killed more than 15,000 people. Climat et météo Afrique du Sud. The game is also played in the West, and there is a large and active English language wiki discussing it. If the volcanic ash continuously flows eastward, then the ash fall would make it impossible to live in most parts of Japan (the main islands) because of a paralysis of traffic and lifelines for a limited period until the eruption subsides. Japan has a longstanding claim of the Southern Kuril Islands (Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan, and the Habomai Islands). [16] The islands are also affected by typhoons. [16] The 1914 Sakurajima eruption produced lava flows which connected the former island with the Ōsumi Peninsula in Kyushu. [24] On the Sea of Japan side are plateaus and low mountain districts, with altitudes of 500 to 1,500 meters.[24]. climat « > media Play. L’île de Hokkaidō et le nord de Honshū connaissent un climat tempéré de type continental (acadien), avec des étés doux et des hivers froids avec de fortes chutes de neige qui tiennent au sol durant plusieurs mois. [14] East of the Japanese archipelago are three oceanic trenches. The temperature here averages 15.6 °C | 60.1 °F. [48][49] The MTL begins near Ibaraki Prefecture, where it connects with the Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line (ISTL) and the Fossa Magna. C'est notamment en raison de ses nombreuses latitudes, que le pays du Soleil-Levant connaît cette grande variété de climats. Hot springs are numerous and have been exploited as an economic capital by the leisure industry. ", "World review of fisheries and aquaculture", "離島とは(島の基礎知識) (what is a remote island? Climat Modifier L’archipel est très étiré sur l’axe Nord-Sud de la latitude de Québec à celle de Cuba, le Japon possède une gamme climatique étendue. In an area that was possibly reclaimed in the past, old maps and land condition drawings are checked and drilling is carried out to determine the strength of the ground. [25] This evolved into the capital of Tokyo by 1868. [130] The Kuril Islands historically belong to Japan. It is 3.6% smaller than the island of Ireland. This allows mining of the seabed, research and production of methane from carbon dioxide with micro-organisms. Le Mont Fuji enneigé-pris d'un avion et d'un Shinkansen. [32], Extensive coastal shipping, especially around the Seto Inland Sea, compensates for the lack of navigable rivers. On a sunny day, the Tennoji ward of Osaka is a good place to join a crowd watching two Go masters go at it. South Korea wants the name "East Sea" to be used, either instead of or in addition to "Sea of Japan;" while North Korea prefers the name "East Sea of Korea". Japan's varied geographical features divide it into six principal climatic zones. The southern half of Honshu, Shikoku and most of Kyushu are located on the Amurian Plate. [30][29] It has consistently carried water for millions of years. Le climat continental s'étend jusqu'au Japon. [2], Japan has the third largest geothermal reserves in the world. Elle est aujourd'hui, avec ses palais impériaux, ses milliers de sanctuaires shinto et de temples bouddhistes, le cœur culturel et religieux du pays. At a depth of over 1,000 m (3,300 ft) there are minerals such as manganese nodules, cobalt in the crust and hydrothermal deposits. Japan ranks 5th with sea volume of 2,000–3,000 meters, 4th with 3,000–4,000 meters, 3rd with 4,000–5,000 meters and 1st with volume of 5,000 to over 6,000 meters. [47], The Japan Median Tectonic Line (MTL) is Japan's longest fault system. Le climat du Japon est de type continental. Since there is little level ground, many hills and mountainsides at lower elevations around towns and cities are often cultivated. [2] In 2015, Japan successfully restarted one nuclear reactor at the Sendai Nuclear Power Plant in Kagoshima prefecture, and several other reactors around the country have since resumed operations. En général, le Japon, voisin de la Chine et de la Russie, bénéficie d'un climat tempéré et plutôt agréable. The insular geography is a major factor for the isolationist, semi-open and expansionist periods of Japanese history. In a year, the rainfall is 1435 mm | 56.5 inch. The rate of motion on the MTL is much less than the rate of convergence at the plate boundary. While Japan has eight High Courts, their jurisdictions do not correspond with the eight regions. 55mm: météo très défavorable: Tokyo en janvier: Février: 6°/11° 9j. As of October 1, 2019, Japan's territory is 377,975.24 square kilometres (145,937.06 sq mi). [9] It has the smallest population of 1,301,462 (2014) and the highest population density of 1,083.6 km2 (418.4 sq mi). The water would cool the huge body of magma in the chambers below the volcano so that the liquid magma becomes semi-solid. ", "Japan's international cooperation for energy efficiency and conservation in Asian region", "Centuries worth of rare earth elements found in Japan's EEZ", "Japan National Aquaculture Sector Overview", "World fisheries production, by capture and aquaculture, by country (2010)", "Japan nuclear power-free as last reactor shuts", "Is Japan the Next Boom Market for the Geothermal Energy Industry? Le Japon est un archipel de l'Est de l'Asie. The use of the term "Sea of Japan" as the dominant name is a point of contention. This excludes the disputed Northern Territories (Kuril islands) and Liancourt Rocks. [24] The longest, the Shinano River, which winds through Nagano Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture and flows into the Sea of Japan, is 367 km (228 mi) long. Japan considers the northern territories (aka Southern Chishima) part of Nemuro Subprefecture of Hokkaido Prefecture. The Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry is exploring over 40 locations for potential geothermal energy plants. . As Japan is situated in a volcanic zone along the Pacific deeps, frequent low-intensity earth tremors and occasional volcanic activity are felt throughout the islands. Japan's highest mountain is Mount Fuji, with an elevation of 3,776 m (12,388 ft). Elle fut de 794 à 1868 la capitale impériale du Japon, sous le nom de Heian-kyō. [13] Japan is located in the northwestern Ring of Fire on multiple tectonic plates. In December there is a very pronounced sunshine gradient between the Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts, as the former side can receive less than 30 hours and the Pacific side as much as 180 hours. Kyushu is closest to the southernmost point of the Korean peninsula with a distance of 190 km (120 mi). [91] In 2010, Japan's total fisheries production was 4,762,469 fish. The term has been the international standard since at least the early 19th century. Japan has stratovolcanoes near the subduction zones of the tectonic plates. Le macaque japonaisest le seul primate vivant au Japon, il est présent dans presque tout l'archipel. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) proposes two hypothetical future scenarios. [1], This table shows the land use in 2002. Record lows for any month were taken as recent as 1984. The mountainous islands of the Japanese archipelago form a crescent off the eastern coast of Asia. [85] In regards to agricultural products, the self-sufficiency rate of most items is less than 100% except for rice. Late 20th and early 21st century projects include artificial islands such as Chubu Centrair International Airport in Ise Bay, Kansai International Airport in the middle of Osaka Bay, Yokohama Hakkeijima Sea Paradise and Wakayama Marina City. The north side becomes very cold, and much snow falls in winter. These islands were occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945. Climat . [17] Japan is surrounded by seas. The report also stated that the quake caused several major landslides on the seabed in the affected area. Au Japon, en Corée, les paysans disposent de motoculteurs ce qui facilite le travail mais est coûteux à l'achat et à l'entretien. "Okinawa-shi" in. This created a very deep lake with a maximum depth of 104 m (341 ft). Climat. Geothermal energy is being heavily focused on as a source of power following the Fukushima disaster. [16] In 1991, Japan's Unzen Volcano on Kyushu about 40 km (25 mi) east of Nagasaki, awakened from its 200-year slumber to produce a new lava dome at its summit. Approximately 10.3 typhoons approach within the 300 kilometer range near the coast of Japan. In the 2006 environment annual report,[155] the Ministry of Environment reported that current major issues are: global warming and preservation of the ozone layer, conservation of the atmospheric environment, water and soil, waste management and recycling, measures for chemical substances, conservation of the natural environment and the participation in the international cooperation. Pacific Ocean: the climate varies greatly between the north and the south, but generally winters are significantly milder and sunnier than those of the side that faces the Sea of Japan. [119] It has a total population of approximately 81,859,345 (2016). These are designated and managed for protection and sustainable usage by the Ministry of the Environment under the Natural Parks Law (自然公園法) of 1957. Capitale du Japon, Tokyo compte dans son agglomération plus de trente millions d’habitants, ce qui en fait la zone urbaine la plus peuplée de la planète. Opposition from local governments has delayed several restarts that remain pending. By 1977, the amount of land reclaimed totaled 172.03 square kilometres (66.42 sq mi).[35]. [94] Shinzo Abe’s government seeks to restart the nuclear power plants that meet strict new safety standards and is emphasizing nuclear energy's importance as a base-load electricity source. [108] Japan is an urban society with about only 5% of the labor force working in agriculture. During the glacial maximum the marine elevation was 200 meters lower than present. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Dfa. In the aftermath of the event, experts agreed that the intensity of this storm was fueled by our changing climate. [24] There is a marked rainy season, beginning in early June and continuing for about a month. Marc Bernabé et Anne-Sophie Thévenon (traduction), Notices dans des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, contrôle, de vérification et d’inspection des, position créancière nette vis-a-vis du reste du monde, troisième IDH ajusté aux inégalités le plus élevé, Rouleaux illustrés des invasions mongoles, Sphère de coprospérité de la Grande Asie orientale, bombardements atomiques d'Hiroshima et de Nagasaki, élections législatives japonaises de 1946, attentat au gaz sarin dans le métro de Tokyo, traité de coopération mutuelle et de sécurité entre les États-Unis et le Japon, Liste des villes du Japon par nombre d'habitants, conférence de 2019 sur les changements climatiques, Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, Coopération économique pour l'Asie-Pacifique, Fédération des organisations économiques japonaises, premier au palmarès des importateurs mondiaux de céréales au milieu des années 2010, deuxième exportateur mondial de cuivre au milieu des années 2010, agence d'exploration aérospatiale japonaise, ministère des Affaires intérieures et des Communications, liste des codes internationaux des plaques minéralogiques, liste des préfixes des codes OACI des aéroports, Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, Organisation internationale des constructeurs automobiles, positions d'investissement nettes des principaux pays, La Tribune - Les pays du monde les plus endettés - 11/02/2010, La dette publique brute du Japon a augmenté de 69% à 240% du PIB entre 1990 et 2017, Températures, précipitations, conditions météo prédominantes, MÉTÉO AU JAPON : Températures et prévisions gratuites, La Suisse en faveur de la reprise de la chasse à la baleine, COP25 : malgré les critiques, le Japon reste le grand parrain du charbon,, La Chine est devenue le premier importateur de produits japonais, Au Japon, les seniors portent des exosquelettes pour travailler plus longtemps, Accord de libre-échange et de partenariat économique Suisse-Japon (ALEPE) – Opportunités pour l’économie suisse,, Ministère des Affaires intérieures et des Communications, Le manque de places dans les cimetières inquiète les musulmans du Japon. [150] The potential exists for tens of millions of humans and other living beings to die during a VEI-7 volcanic eruption with significant short-term effects on the global climate. The Tokugawa Shogunate established a bakufu in Kamakura in 1603. Major earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis occur several times per century. Technology is needed to accurately capture the state of the magma chamber that spreads thinly with a thickness of less than several kilometers around the middle of the crust. Le Japon compte beaucoup d'espèce commune à l'Europe et à l'Asie, comme le sanglier, l'ours noir, l'ours brun, le renard roux, le rat noir. In Okinawa, the rainy season starts early in May and continues until mid June. Shikoku (四国) is the second smallest of the five main islands (after Okinawa island), 18,800 km2 (7,300 sq mi). Reclaimed land and man-made islands are particularly susceptible to liquefaction during an earthquake. [68] On 6 April, the Japanese coast guard said that the earthquake shifted the seabed near the epicenter 24 metres (79 ft) and elevated the seabed off the coast of Miyagi Prefecture by 3 metres (9.8 ft). It is the 7th largest island in the world. That is nearly 11 times larger than the national average of 2.4 hectares. The city was founded on June 1, 1889. Weather Warnings/Advisories; Real-time Landslide Risk Map; Marine Warnings; Tropical Cyclone Information The relief map of the Japanese archipelago shows that 50% of Japan's sea territory has an ocean volume between 0 and 4,000 m (13,000 ft) depth. Parmi ces derniers, dix-huit F-35B devraient être déployés en, Statistics bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Population of Tokyo, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Environmental Restoration and Conservation Agency. Each region contains several prefectures, except the Hokkaido region, which comprises only Hokkaido Prefecture. Géographie et climat du Japon; Sports et loisirs au Japon; Vie pratique au Japon; Visiter le Japon; Pour avoir plus de précisions ainsi que des avis de voyageurs, posez vos questions dans le forum sur le Japon. During the Paleolithic period around 20,000 BCE at the height of the Last Glacial Maximum, there was a land bridge between Hokkaido and Sakhalin which linked Japan with the Asian continent. (2005). Tōkyō, Nagoya, Kyōto, Ōsaka et Kōbe, au centre et à l'ouest de la plus grande île (Honshū), subissent des hivers relativement doux avec peu ou pas de neige et des étés chauds et humides. That's 10% of all active volcanoes in the world. [73] The south part of the Japanese archipelago remained as a relatively large landmass. [17] These are the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Japan. Port Island, Rokkō Island and Kobe Airport were built in Kobe. [99] Hokkaido has 22% of Japan's forestland with coniferous trees (Sakhalin fir and Sakhalin spruce) and broad-leaved trees (Japanese oak, birch and Painted maple). Japon-UE : Un accord de partenariat historique, Avec Naruhito, le Japon à l'orée d'une nouvelle ère, L'empereur du Japon : « maître du Ciel » garant des institutions laïques, L'Occident face au spectre de la « japonification », Le Japon dit au revoir à son empereur « révolutionnaire », En images : au Japon, 30 ans de règne de l'empereur Akihito, Au Japon, l'empereur Akihito a abdiqué : un changement d'ère mais la même volonté de moderniser la dynastie.

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